Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease develops when your coronary arteries - the major blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients - become damaged or diseased. Cholesterol-containing deposits (plaque) on your arteries are usually to blame for coronary artery disease. Chronic Total Occlusion (CTO) is a type of coronary artery disease that is caused by a heavy build-up of plaque in the arteries that carry blood to your heart.
Your healthcare provider will ask questions about your medical history, do a physical exam and order routine blood tests. He or she may suggest one or more diagnostic tests as well, including:
Treatment for coronary artery disease usually involves lifestyle changes and, if necessary, drugs and certain medical procedures. Procedures to restore and improve blood flow are: