How is diabetes treated?
Your exact treatment will depend on the type of diabetes you have. In general,
your care will involve getting lab tests, having visits with your healthcare
provider, changing your diet to include healthy meals and snacks, increasing
your physical activity, taking prescribed medications, and for most patients
– home glucose monitoring.
Staying physically active and getting the recommended amount of exercise
of 30 minutes a day for at least five days per week, can help lower your
blood glucose. Also, if you are insulin resistant, exercise helps your
body recognize and use insulin more effectively to push glucose into your
cells for energy, where it belongs. Check first with your doctor before
you start any new activities or exercises.
Limiting the amount of carbohydrates, you eat at meal and snack times as
recommended by your physician and diabetes educator can also help prevent
increases in your blood glucose. Carb counting is an integral part of
diabetes care, along with pairing your carbs with lean protein to prevent
spikes in blood glucose.
Losing weight if you are overweight, can also help your body recognize
and use insulin better if you are diagnosed with insulin resistance.
A brief overview of some additional and typical treatments for each type
of diabetes is below:
Type 1: If you have T1D, you will be prescribed insulin. This is a medication
that is injected into the skin.
Type 2: If you have T2D you will most likely be prescribed one or more oral medications.
Sometimes people with T2D are also prescribed insulin. If you are overweight,
you will be advised to lose weight.
Gestational: Some (not all) moms may need insulin during their pregnancy to help control
their blood glucose. Eating a healthy diet to prevent excessive weight
gain and prevent spikes in your blood sugar is strongly recommended, as
it is for other types of diabetes. It is advised to increase your physical
activity and get daily exercise to stay healthy, help maintain weight,
and help control your blood glucose. You will need to monitor your blood
glucose with a home glucose monitor on a schedule advised by your doctor.
Your baby is also a patient – your health care provider will work
with you to help ensure your baby remains healthy during your pregnancy
and during and after birth.
How will the diabetes educators at Torrance Memorial’s Outpatient
Diabetes Center help me with my diabetes? What type of services do they offer?
The diabetes educators at Torrance Memorial will teach you how to:
- Monitor your blood glucose (blood sugar) with your prescribed meter
- Understand how your prescribed medications work in your body, and how to
take your medications so they work most effectively to control your blood sugar
- Prevent spikes in your blood glucose (highs) and also prevent lows (hypoglycemia)
- Manage low and high blood glucose levels should they occur
- Plan healthy meals and snacks that fit into your lifestyle and satisfy
your personal and cultural preferences, while helping keep your blood
glucose levels stable
- Read food labels
- Strategize on how to increase your physical activity each day – this
helps control your blood glucose too
- Set goals for losing weight, increasing activity and eating healthier
- Cultivate healthy coping
For more information about the Diabetes Outpatient Education Center, please